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Week 6 Assignment: EBP Change Process

Week 6 Assignment: EBP Change Process

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Week 6 Assignment: EBP Change Process

Assignment Description


In patients living with HIV(P) does the Implementation of a nurse-led antiretroviral therapy initiation program (I) compared to current practice (C) decrease viral load (O) within 3-months (T)

Current practice of visit with the provider only every 6 months with no nurse led interventions

Nurse Daniels Illustration  

Week 1

Daniel has been an RN for 12 years and works on a Medical-Surgical unit at a community hospital. He is completing his BSN program in a few weeks and is being mentored by his supervisor, the current Unit Manager, who will soon be retiring. Daniel will be promoted to that leadership position shortly after graduating. Daniel is aware of challenges that are impacting patient outcome measures. Daniel is also cognizant of his own strengths and limitations and is currently developing a plan to address the unit patient issues, communicate effectively, and stay engaged with his peers, as well as maintaining his own positive health status.


Week 2

After searching the Cochrane Database, Daniel located a systematic review that aligned with his topic issue. He has decided to use a PICOT format to further clarify what he is wanting to summarize and plan. As far as the scope of this practice issue, Daniel also found slight increases in the numbers of HAI on other units within the facility for patients with central lines. His thinking is that the nurses may be missing the signs of infection through irregular assessment and monitoring. Therefore, his PICOT contains the following:

  • P=Patients over the age of 25 years with central lines
  • I=Develop and implement an early detection system on his unit to compare with another unit
  • C=The comparison of the 2 units related to the number of infections (HAI) on each unit
  • O=The targeted outcome would be a decrease in central line infections
  • T=The timeframe would be for a 6 month period of trial time

Daniel knows it will be important to justify his rationale for this type of trial, so he is preparing to summarize the discovered evidence. His Unit Manager has informed him that any trial involving a possible change of practice requires submission of evidence from the literature and presentation of the practice issue and evidence summary to the Unit Council for consideration. Daniel plans to recommend a Modified Early Warning Scoring (MEWS) system and emphasize the dangers of HAIs, patient safety concerns, unsatisfactory patient outcomes, and the variances in nursing practice from unit to unit in caring for patients with central lines.


For his evidence summary, Daniel hopes to convey:

  • a statement of the problem and the possible related nursing practices that may be contributing factors
  • the PICOT outline
  • the chosen systematic review (related to improving professional adherence to guidelines for prevention of device-related infections)
  • a summary of the review as it relates to the identified practice issue and suggested interventions to improve patient outcomes

As Daniel prepares his documentation, he is also aware that the Unit Council will want to know more about his implementation plan. He plans to address any limitations from the systematic review and how this could impact a trial.


Week 3

Please do not use any of the Nurse Daniel information for your own topic, nursing intervention, or change project. Nurse Daniel serves as an example only to illustrate the change process.

Daniel continues to think about a change intervention to support patient outcome improvement with HAIs. He begins searching practice guidelines and standards in order to assess the feasibility of his planned intervention further. His Unit Manager has suggested he do this to strengthen his rationale for this change and add to the evidence from the unit/hospital data and his chosen systematic review. Daniel has located and retrieved information from several other sources to add to his data and review. These include HAI-related articles and video presentations from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), The Joint Commission, and the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). He also retrieved a scholarly article about Modified Early Warning Scores (MEWS) describing how this system might be implemented. He plans to use all of this material to consider his recommendations for change.


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Week 4

Daniel continues to work through the steps of the ACE Star Model (Stevens, 2013) as he further develops his intervention plan. In reviewing his scope of evidence, Daniel concludes that there are a number of variations in HAI prevention throughout organizations. Based on this, he decides to proceed with a plan to include the MEWS (AHRQ, Innovations, n.d.) system as well as periodic education sessions for nurses regarding central line best practices. Daniel works with his Unit Manager to create a plan to include the resources needed to initiate a trial of this system. Resource allocation is a critical factor for this intervention, therefore Daniel wants to also present evidence of the positive outcomes of using a MEWS (AHRQ, Innovations, n.d.) system based on experiences from other facilities. His Unit Manager has arranged a conference call to include Daniel and an assistant nursing director friend who currently uses the MEWS (AHRQ, Innovations, n.d.) system on her unit in a similar-sized community hospital.

During his conference call, Daniel learned that the patient outcome data indicated a positive impact due to an increase in nursing awareness and knowledge of HAIs as well as documenting of symptoms. However, there were still issues with nurse response times to patients whose symptoms changed. This information was helpful for Daniel and confirmed his intervention ideas of including an ongoing nursing education component as part of the introduction of an early warning system. With this added information, Daniel suggests to the Unit Manager that prior to his initial presentation to the Unit Council, education department personnel may need to be consulted regarding the feasibility of a related ongoing education initiative.

Daniel continues to identify team members in his plan and define their roles and responsibilities in this process. His thinking also includes attention to patient safety and satisfaction as well as the costs involved. Team members will include professionals from other disciplines. These members will also need educated regarding the MEWS (AHRQ, Innovations, n.d.) scoring system.

Daniel develops a timeline for the six month trial, including a pre-trial education period for the team members on the unit. Infection rates will be monitored as part of the data collection after the MEWS (AHRQ, Innovations, n.d.) system is in place for the trial. He and his Unit Manager complete a cost analysis of the trial resources to be used, including the costs incurred when patients develop central line infections, as a way to demonstrate how infection prevention will actually result in a cost savings.

Week 5

Please do not use any of the Nurse Daniel information for your own topic, nursing intervention, or change project. Nurse Daniel serves as an example only to illustrate the change process.

Daniel decides to prepare his presentation for the Unit Council in hopes of gaining support for his change process plan. His presentation will include the following:

  • An overview of the ACE Star Model (Stevens, 2013) as a method to incorporate a change process with supportive evidence. This lets the Unit Council know he is using an evidence-based process in his assessment and planning efforts.
  • An explanation of the problem identified, the scope of the problem, and an evidence summary will be detailed. He will include his PICOT question here.
    • The evidence summary will include:
    • potential interventions identified in a systematic review and other scholarly sources;
    • specific data from his unit and other units in the hospital;
    • information from professional practice guidelines and sources such as the CDC and Joint Commission; and,
    • the information from his conference call regarding the use of early warning systems.
  • Recommendations for change are described and based on the evidence summary.
  • The identification of the stakeholders, the practice area, team member roles and responsibilities, and the required resources needed are included.
  • The Action Plan including:
    • the activities of the team involved through the process,
    • ways to inform the staff of the plan,
    • inclusion of data worksheets, tip sheets, and protocols;
    • the coordination of ongoing weekly updates and education of staff, and
    • the timeline to be used.


For the evaluation process, Daniel plans to include: a strategy for evaluating the results, who is to be involved in this collaboration, and next steps before disseminating information about the findings. Comparative measurable data outcomes will be recorded over the 6 month period with the hope that the MEWS intervention and education sessions will result in a decrease in central line infections on the unit. Daniel plans to use a bar chart throughout the timeline to illustrate the results on a poster within the unit.

If results are positive in decreasing the unit HAI rates, the decision for key hospital leaders will be to consider using a permanent warning system throughout the facility and then allocating the resources needed to accomplish this.

Daniel and his Unit Manager meet to go through the presentation content. Daniel is planning to use a PowerPoint presentation at the Unit Council meeting and also provide handouts to include his timeline, data worksheets to be used in the process, and the references and permalink to the systematic review article from the hospital library. His Unit Manager reminds him there are a few nurses she identifies as informal leaders on the unit that might be somewhat resistant to this type of change. These nurses are experienced and outspoken and have influence with their peers. Daniel considers ways to address this issue in hopes of gaining informal leader support.


Week 6

Daniel has successfully presented his change process proposal to the Unit Council and has received support for this practice change for the 6 month time period. He decided to invite two of the informal nurse leaders from his unit to the Unit Council meeting. They have been asked to serve as unit champions throughout the change process. This helped Daniel ensure these nurses were supportive of the plan and were willing to be involved. He understands the great influence informal leaders have and how valuable they are to the process. The Unit Council members accepted the idea of nurse champions to assist. This meeting helped reinforce the goals and the roles and responsibilities of those involved in this interprofessional team.

Daniel and the designated unit champions meet to discuss the tracking process involved in implementing this change. They will be using a form for tracking outcomes during this trial. The unit champions will be assisting in tracking data as well as the nurse response times to fluctuations in patient vital signs or lab findings. At the end of this implementation in 6 months, the results will be compared to the stated measurable outcome goals in order to determine success of the change.

Daniel and his Unit Manager discuss the specific elements they want to include in ongoing education sessions with the staff. They will need to collaborate with the Nursing Education Director to plan this weekly series. Daniel is also interested in receiving staff feedback throughout the process and thinks the education sessions might serve as a time to survey staff or have a discussion.

Moving forward in the process, Daniel schedules his meeting with the Nursing Education Director to outline content. In these sessions, he is wanting to review policies and protocols already in place and emphasize best practices for central line infection prevention. Meanwhile, his Unit Manager agrees to work with the Chief Nursing Officer and other leaders to coordinate scheduling for unit staff to attend the educational sessions.


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Week 6 Assignment: EBP Change Process form

ACE Star Model of Knowledge Transformation

Follow Nurse Daniel as your process mentor in the weekly Illustration section of the lesson. Please do not use any of the Nurse Daniel information for your own topic, nursing intervention, or change project.  Nurse Daniel serves as an example only to illustrate the change process.


Name: _____________________


Star Point 1:  Discovery (Identify topic and practice issue)

  • Identify the topic and the nursing practice issue related to this topic. (This MUST involve a nursing practice issue.)
  • Briefly describe your rationale for your topic selection. Include the scope of the issue/problem.


Star Point 2:  Summary (Evidence to support need for a change)

  • Describe the practice problem in your own words and formulate your PICOT question.
  • List the systematic review chosen from the CCN Library databases. Type the complete APA reference for the systematic review selected.
  • List and briefly describe other sources used for data and information. List any other optional scholarly source used to supplement the systematic review in APA format.
  • Briefly summarize the main findings (in your own words) from the systematic review and the strength of the evidence.
  • Outline one or two evidence-based solutions you will consider for the trial project.


Star Point 3:  Translation (Action Plan)

  • Identify care standards, practice guidelines, or protocols that may be in place to support your intervention planning (These may come from your organization or from the other sources listed in your Summary section in Star Point 2).
  • List your stakeholders (by title and not names; include yourself) and describe their roles and responsibilities in the change process (no more than 5).
  • What specifically is your nursing role in the change process? Other nursing roles?
  • List your stakeholders by position titles (charge nurse, pharmacist, etc.). Why are the members chosen (stakeholders) important to your project?
  • What type of cost analysis will be needed prior to a trial?  Who needs to be involved with this?


Star Point 4: (Implementation)

  • Describe the process for gaining permission to plan and begin a trial.  Is there a specific group, committee, or nurse leader involved?
  • Describe the plan for educating the staff about the change process trial and how they will be impacted or asked to participate.
  • Outline the implementation timeline for the change process (start time/end time, what steps are to occur along the timeline).
  • List the measurable outcomes based on the PICOT.  How will these be measured?
  • What forms, if any, might be used for recording purposes during the pilot change process? Describe.
  • What resources are available to staff (including yourself) during the change pilot?
  • Will there be meetings of certain stakeholders throughout the trial?  If so, who and when will they meet?


Star Point 5: (Evaluation)

  • How will you report the outcomes of the trial?
  • What would be the next steps for using the change process information?


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