Week 2 Critique The Theory Of Self-Efficacy. Week two’s discussion title is “It’s crucial to assess whether a theory could be modified for use in research. Describe the internal and external criticism that middle range ideas are subject to.” To advance the field of study of nursing, middle-range theories must be evaluated. It ensures that ethical research principles are applied, resulting in accurate and meaningful data collection and interpretation. This is accomplished by assessing the theory’s internal coherence, empirical and external validity, and capacity to be compared to other theories and empirical facts. It is also crucial to assess the theory’s parsimony. It must undergo internal critique to assess a theory’s logical soundness, coherence, and empirical accuracy. This critique focuses on a theory’s internal organization to assess its logic, consistency, and coherence. This approach includes analyzing the theory’s presumptions, concepts, and hypotheses. An essential component of internal critique is how ideas, in theory, are connected and conceptually defined. This ensures that any contradictions or ambiguities within the concept are found and handled (Khoshnood, Rayyani & Tirgari, 2020). For instance, if a theory defines a concept and then uses it another way, there may be a logical contradiction. If a theory’s concepts are vague or too ambiguous, it may be hard to understand how to use them to explain empirical data.
Evaluation of a theory’s external validity, or how well it applies to other settings or groups, depends on external criticism. This analysis compares a theory to other theories and empirical data to determine how well it generalizes. Testing a theory’s presumptions, concepts, and hypotheses in diverse situations and with different populations is necessary to determine its external validity. Evaluation of a theory’s premises is a crucial component of outside criticism (Smith, 2019). The fundamental concepts or precepts that underlie a theory are known as its assumptions. For example, a theory’s external validity may be jeopardized if it assumes that every member of a specific population behaves uniformly. Any additional difficulty in determining a theory’s generalizability emerges if its underlying assumptions are either vaguely specified or poorly articulated. Conclusion Nursing theory is constantly evolving, so it is crucial to evaluate intermediate concepts. “Middle-range nursing” is a theory of nursing that aims to close the gap between research and practice. Middle-range theories are more accessible to implement than other sorts of theories because they are more specific, have a more precise focus, and have a smaller scope than other theories, such as the grand theories of nursing. The effectiveness of central concepts is examined through both external and internal critique. Citation: Z. Khoshnood, M. Rayyani, & B. Tirgari (2020). A critical viewpoint on the theoretical analysis of Pender’s health promotion model (HPM) according to Barnum’s standards. Publication of adolescent medicine and health: an international journal, 32 (4). M. C. Smith (2019). nursing practices and theories. A Davis …. Click HERE to get the complete paper