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NURS 6501 final exam

NURS 6501 final exam

Assignment and Essay Help

NURS 6501 final exam


NURS 6501 final exam


Question 11 pts

When are childhood cancers most often diagnosed?

Group of answer choices

During infancy

At peak times of physical growth

After diagnosis of a chronic illness

After an acute illness

Question 21 pts

How is gonorrhea transmitted from a pregnant woman to her fetus?

Group of answer choices

Unbound in the blood via the placenta

Attached to immunoglobulin G (IgG) via the placenta

By direct inoculation with the fetal scalp electrodes exposed to maternal body fluids

Predominately through infected cervical and secretions during the birth process

Flag question: Question 3

Question 31 pts

Compared with an adult, an infant has a greater content of extracellular fluid and a greater rate of fluid exchange. What effect does this have on the fluid balance of a child compared with that of an adult?

Group of answer choices

Edema development is less of a problem.

Overhydration is not difficult to manage.

Daily fluid requirements are greater.

The control of dehydration is more difficult.



Question 41 pts

A child has osteosarcoma, and the healthcare team is assessing for metastases. What diagnostic study would be the priority?

Group of answer choices

Pancreatic enzyme analysis

Liver biopsy

Chest x-ray or CT scan

Brain MRI


Question 51 pts

Gait disturbances and instability are characteristic of which form of cerebral palsy?

Group of answer choices






Question 61 pts

The student asks the professor for a definition of orexigenic neurons. What description by the professor is most accurate?

Group of answer choices

Promote appetite and stimulate eating

Suppress appetite and inhibit eating

Increase overall metabolism

Promote satiety after eating


Question 71 pts

Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) system abnormalities exist in many individuals with what?

Group of answer choices


Major depression


Panic disorder


Question 81 pts

A child has a disorder that failed bones to ossify, resulting in soft bones and skeletal deformity. What treatment plan does the healthcare professional discuss with the parents?

Group of answer choices

Extremely careful handling

Increasing vitamin D intake


Containment and motion therapy


Question 91 pts

Abnormalities in brain development related to schizophrenia are thought to develop when?

Group of answer choices



Early Childhood



Question 101 pts

A patient with schizophrenia will have alterations in their dorsolateral prefrontal cortex.   The APRN would expect it to be described as:

Group of answer choices






Question 111 pts

A woman has been diagnosed with polycystic ovary syndrome but is confused because her pelvic ultrasound (US) was read as normal and did not show cysts. What response by the health care professional is most appropriate?

Group of answer choices

We will schedule another US in 3 months to check again.

The cysts may be too small to see right now.

Maybe that diagnosis was incorrect; let’s schedule more testing.

You do not need cysts on your ovaries to have this condition.


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Question 121 pts

A patient has been diagnosed with lithium toxicity. Which electrolyte imbalance does the healthcare professional correlate with this condition?

Group of answer choices






Question 131 pts

A professor explains to a class that lymph nodes enlarge and become tender during infection because of what reason?

Group of answer choices

B lymphocytes proliferate.

The nodes are inflamed.

The nodes fill with purulent exudate.

The nodes are not properly functioning.


Question 141 pts

A patient is in the Emergency Department with heat stroke. What finding does the healthcare provider associate with this condition?

Group of answer choices

Core temperatures usually reaching approximately 39.5″1eC (103.1″1eF)

Absence of sweating despite a high core temperature

A rapidly decreasing core temperature as heat loss from the evaporation of sweat ceases

Symptoms caused by the loss of sodium and prolonged sweating


Question 151 pts

The neurobiology of depression is believed to be related to the atrophy of neurons in the:

Group of answer choices






Question 161 pts

Which immunoglobulin (Ig) is present in childhood asthma?

Group of answer choices






Question 171 pts

The APRN is assessing a patient with monotone speech and unchanged facial expressions even though he states he is happy and excited about his life.   This is an example of:

Group of answer choices




Pressured speech


Question 181 pts

The musculoskeletal system is responsible for:

Group of answer choices

Movement and support

Movement and protection

Movement, support, and heat

Blood circulation, movement, support, heat, protection


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Question 191 pts

A patient has damage to the lower pons and medulla. What finding does the healthcare professional associate with this injury?

Group of answer choices

Flexion with or without extensor response of the lower extremities

Extension response of the upper and lower extremities

Extension response of the upper extremities and flexion response of the lower extremities

Flaccid response in the upper and lower extremities


Question 201 pts

A student asks the professor to explain the jaundice that accompanies hemolytic anemia. Which statement is by the professor is most accurate?

Group of answer choices

Erythrocytes are destroyed in the spleen.

Heme destruction exceeds the liver’s ability to conjugate and excrete bilirubin.

The patient has elevations in aspartate transaminase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT).

The erythrocytes are coated with an immunoglobulin.


Question 211 pts

What congenital malformation is commonly linked to acute leukemia in children?

Group of answer choices

Down syndrome

Wilms tumor




Question 221 pts

The APRN is treating a patient with bipolar 1 disorder.  The major focus of treatment is on:

Group of answer choices




panic attacks


Question 231 pts

A health care professional determines that the student needs more education when the student makes which statement about treating bone infection?

Group of answer choices

Bone contains multiple microscopic channels that are impermeable to the cells and biochemicals of the body’s natural defenses.

Microcirculation of bone is highly vulnerable to damage and destruction by bacterial toxins, leading to ischemic necrosis of bone.

Bone cells have a limited capacity to replace bone destroyed by infections.

Bacteria are walled off by macrophages and T lymphocytes; consequently, the antibiotics cannot penetrate the infected area.


Question 241 pts

A student is learning about pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). What information does the student clarify with a study partner as being correct?

Group of answer choices

An episode of mild PID can decrease the possibility of a successful pregnancy by 80%.

Such an inflammation may result in permanent changes to the ciliated epithelium of the fallopian tubes.

PID has not been associated with an increased risk of an ectopic pregnancy.

Contracting this infection increases the risk of cervical cancer.


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Question 251 pts

A patient has hepatomegaly, bronze-colored skin, and cardiac dysrhythmias. What condition does the healthcare professional prepare to teach the patient about?

Group of answer choices

Aplastic anemia

Pernicious anemia

Hereditary hemochromatosis

Immune thrombocytopenia purpura


Question 261 pts

A healthcare professional wants to volunteer for a community education project to help prevent spinal cord injury. What activity would the professional most likely volunteer for?

Group of answer choices

Teaching school aged children bicycle safety

Teaching stretching to high school athletes

Teaching adults good body mechanics for lifting

Teaching older adults how to prevent trip-and-fall events


Question 271 pts

An infant has been diagnosed with intussusception and the student asks the healthcare professional to explain the condition. What explanation by the professional is most accurate?

Group of answer choices

Poor colonic motility due to a problem in the parasympathetic nervous system

The colon stays in the upper right quadrant instead of moving to its normal location.

One part of the intestine telescopes into another section of the intestine.

Fibrosis increases the resistance to blood flow within the portal system.


Question 281 pts

The APRN is assessing a patient that states that Napoleon Bonaparte is the King of France even thought he has a book that says he is dead.   This is an example of:

Group of answer choices




Pressured speech


Question 291 pts

A healthcare professional has educated a student on folic acid. Which statement by the student indicates that more teaching is needed?

Group of answer choices

Folic acid absorption is dependent on the enzyme folacin.

Folic acid is stored in the liver.

Folic acid is essential for RNA and DNA synthesis within erythrocytes.

Folic acid is absorbed in the upper small intestine.


Question 301 pts

Mr. Smith, 58 years old, presents to the urology office with complaints of gross hematuria, which has been present for five days. He also expresses difficulty with urination and episodes of dysuria. He is experiencing flank pain, which radiates into the abdomen and groin. Mr. Smith has had nausea and vomiting. He does not drink many fluids, but when he does, his fluid intake is usually caffeinated beverages. The NP knows that:

Group of answer choices

The lumen of the prostatic urethra narrows and lengthens, resulting in progressive urine flow obstruction. This process occurs when the prostate’s glandular-epithelial and stromal/muscle tissue is grown.

Acute pain can result from renal colic, which occurs when the smooth muscle of the ureter contracts to move a kidney stone.

Renal tubule dysfunction and atrophy can result from renal tissue fibrosis, including transforming growth factor and angiotensin II.


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