Develop a disaster recovery plan for the Capella University Disaster Recovery Plan Presentation to lessen health disparities and improve access to community services after a disaster. Then, develop and record a 10-12 slide presentation (please refer to the PowerPoint tutorial) of the plan with audio and speaker notes for the Vila Health system, city officials, and the disaster relief team.
As you begin to prepare this assessment, you are encouraged to complete the Disaster Preparedness and Management activity. The information gained from completing this activity will help you succeed with the assessment as you think through key issues in disaster preparedness and management in the community or workplace. Completing activities is also a way to demonstrate engagement.
Capella University Disaster Recovery Plan Presentation PROFESSIONAL CONTEXT
Nurses perform a variety of roles, and their responsibilities as healthcare providers extend to the community. The daily decisions and crises often involve balancing human rights with medical necessities, equitable access to services, legal and ethical mandates, and financial constraints. In the event of a major accident or natural disaster, many issues can complicate decisions concerning the needs of an individual or group, including understanding and upholding rights and desires, mediating conflict, and applying established ethical and legal standards of nursing care. As a nurse, you must be knowledgeable about disaster preparedness and recovery to safeguard those in your care. As an advocate, you are accountable for promoting equitable services and quality care for the diverse community.
Nurses work alongside first responders, other professionals, volunteers, and the health department to safeguard the community. Some concerns during a disaster and recovery period include the possibility of death and infectious disease due to debris and/or contamination of the water, air, food supply, or environment. Various degrees of injury may also occur during disasters, terrorism, and violent conflicts. Capella University Disaster Recovery Plan Presentation
To maximize survival, first responders must use a triage system to assign victims according to the severity of their condition/prognosis in order to allocate equitable resources and provide treatment. During infectious disease outbreaks, triage does not take the place of routine clinical triage.
Trace mapping becomes an important step in interrupting the spread of all infectious diseases to prevent or curtail morbidity and mortality in the community. A vital step in trace-mapping is the identification of the infectious individual or group and isolating or quarantining them. During the trace-mapping process, these individuals are interviewed to identify those who have had close contact with them. Contacts are notified of their potential exposure, testing referrals become paramount, and individuals are connected with appropriate services they might need during self-quarantine (CDC, 2020).
An example of such a disaster is the COVID-19 pandemic of 2020. People who had contact with someone who was in contact with the COVID-19 virus were encouraged to stay home and maintain social distance (at least 6 feet) from others until 14 days after their last exposure to a person with COVID-19. Contacts were required to monitor themselves by checking their temperature twice daily and watching for symptoms of COVID-19 (CDC, 2020). Local, state, and health department guidelines were essential in establishing the recovery phase. Triage Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) in the case of COVID-19 focused on inpatient and outpatient healthcare facilities that would receive or prepare to receive suspected or confirmed COVID-19 victims. Controlling droplet transmission through hand washing, social distancing, self-quarantine, PPE, installing barriers, education, and standardized triage algorithms/questionnaires became essential to the triage system (CDC, 2020; WHO, 2020). Capella University Disaster Recovery Plan Presentation.
This assessment allows you to apply the concepts of emergency preparedness, public health assessment, triage, management, and surveillance after a disaster. Based on the disaster scenario provided, you will also focus on evacuation, extended displacement periods, and contact tracing.
The following activity provides the context and information needed to complete the assessment:
The following articles will help you better understand public health assessment and surveillance and the nurse’s role in disaster preparedness and management in the workplace and community.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2018). Coping with a disaster or traumatic event. https://emergency.cdc.gov/coping/index.as
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2018). Emergency preparedness and response. https://emergency.cdc.gov/
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2017). Guidance on microbial contamination in previously flooded outdoor areas. https://www.cdc.gov/nceh/ehs/publications/guidance…
- Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). (n.d.). National Flood Insurance Program. https://www.floodsmart.gov/
- Kreisberg, D., Thomas, D. S. K., Valley, M., Newell, S., Janes, E., & Little, C. (2016). Vulnerable populations in hospital and health care emergency preparedness planning: A comprehensive framework for inclusion. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, 31(2), 211–219.
- Madrigano, J., Chandra, A., Costigan, T., & Acosta, J. D. (2017). Beyond disaster preparedness: Building a resilience-oriented workforce for the future. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 14(12), 1–14.
- Ready.gov. (n.d.). Plan ahead for disasters. https://www.ready.gov/
- U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS). (2018). Plan and prepare for disasters. https://www.dhs.gov/plan-and-prepare-disasters
- Veenema, T. G., Losinski, S., L., & Hilmi, L. M. (2016). Increasing emergency preparedness. AJN, American Journal of Nursing, 116(1), 40–53.
- Veenema, T. G., Griffin, A., Gable, A. R., MacIntyre, L., Simons, N., Couig, M. Pat., . . . Larson, E. (2016). Nurses as leaders in disaster preparedness and response: A call to action. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 48(2), 187–200.
The following resources will help in developing a disaster recovery plan.
- U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. (n.d.). Healthy People 2020. https://www.healthypeople.gov/
- Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. (ODPHP) (n.d.). MAP-IT: A guide to using Healthy People 2020 in your community. https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/tools-and-resou…